With just over 280 000 tuberculosis (TB) cases reported in 2017, TB remains a major public health problem in the WHO European Region, including the countries of the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA). This report provides an overview of the latest TB epidemiological situation and is published jointly by the WHO Regional Office for Europe and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). It finds that epidemic patterns and trends vary widely, with the EU/EEA approaching the low incidence level of 10 per 100 000 population while the Region has nine out of 30 countries with the highest multidrug-resistant TB burden in the world. Overall, TB mortality and incidence rates have fallen. Despite the notable progress achieved in the fight against TB, countries still face a variety of challenges in reaching the goal to end the TB epidemic in the Region.

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